Narrative, a story which is either fiction or non fiction is what we first looked at in our Media lesson. After finding out the definition we had a brief look into structure of a narrative which basically consists of a cause and an effect chain basically meaning that in a narrative its vital to include a cause as well as an effect. We also looked into how a narrative must follow the rules determined by a genre, for example if its a horror you expect there to be blood, violence and some sort of villain involved which is of course the problem in the film.
Todorov’s theory on narrative has three steps to it. Firstly is the “situation” which is the status quo or in other words the normality of the film which is determined by the genre of the film as you know the genre of the film you would be going to see so the situation wouldn’t come as much of a surprise. Secondly is the disruption which is fairly obvious that it is the problem within the film or tv episode. Lastly in Todorov’s theory is the resolution, clearly being the problem being solved in some way or the problem being neutrally resolved as it was in the episode of Looney Tunes we watched in the lesson. Although apart from the neutral ending the episode we watched of Looney Tunes fitted in to Todarov’s theory almost perfectly.
Propp’s theory is on narrative functions which basically is the idea of most narratives being structured like fairy tales. The way it is done is by having the three main, most important characters; Hero, which resolves the problem. A villain, which creates the problem and a victim of the problem which is in some cases a princess of some sort. You realise a narrative function is in most narrative stories. Although it is important to get accross that functions are not necessarily characters as well as the fact characters can inhabit more than one function at a time, for example a victim/hero.